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Articles, Plurals and Nouns

Grammar for Beginners – Articles, Plurals and Nouns

Hey there,

How are you today? We are simply happy you’re here.

So what’s today’s grammar lessons about? It’s a beginner’s class on articles, plurals and nouns.

Articles A, AN and THE

The good news is that there are only three articles in English: “a”, “an” and “the”. These articles are separated into two groups: definite and indefinite.

“The” is the only definite article and we use it to speak about specific nouns. We use it for all nouns, both singular and plural.

So how do we use it?

Examples:

The dog”, “the dogs”.

The chair”, “the chairs”.

We are talking of a particular dog or a particular chair.

Ok, now let’s look at the indefinite articles for singular nouns: “a” and “an”. We use them when we are talking of nouns in a general sense.

Examples:

A girl”

An elephant”

Notice that “a” is used before nouns that begin with a  consonant and “an” is used before words that start with a vowel.

Some and Any

They can be used with plural and uncountable nouns. Usually we use “some” in affirmative sentences and “any” in negative sentences and questions.

Examples:

Some girls”

Some elephants”

Any girls?”

Any elephants?”

“Not any girls”

“Not any elephants”

Plurals

A plural is a noun that tells you that there is more than one of something. So “one cat”, “two cats“. See?

Most plurals are formed by just adding an “S” to the singular. But it is not always like this since we have regular and irregular plural. We say a plural is regular when it follows some rules.

Regular Plurals

Rule 1: When a noun ends in -S/-SH/-CH/-X, we add -ES.

Examples:

“Bus – buses

“Watch – watches

“Brush – brushes

Rule 2: The second rule is that when a noun ends in a consonant + Y, we take away the “Y” and add “-IES”.

Examples:

“Factory – factories

“Strawberry – strawberries

Rule 3: When a noun ends in “-F” or “-FE”, we take away the “-F” or “-FE” and add “-VES”.

Examples:

“Knife – knives

“Shelf – shelves

Irregular Plurals

Ok, now we have understood regular plurals, let’s have a look at irregular plurals. Ready? What you need to know about irregular plurals is that they are exceptions, so it is harder to remember. That’s why it is so important to practice them!

Examples:

“Man – men”

“Woman – women”

“Child – children”

“Person – people”

“Foot – feet”

“Tooth – teeth”

“Mouse – mice”

“Sheep – sheep”

Why not try to remember one every day?

Plural Nouns

We also have only plural nouns. What are these? They are nouns that have no singular form. So we don’t use “is”, we always use “are”.

Examples: 

“the trousers”

“the glasses”

We can also use “a pair” instead of “the”. This way we can use them as singular nouns.

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Countable nouns are easy to remember because they are things we can count, like “horses”, “beds”, “dollars”. Easy, right?

Uncountable nouns are also easy. Why? Because they cannot be counted as separate things. For example: “water”, “sand” or “milk”.

All we have to remember is that countable nouns have singular and plural forms. Uncountable nouns just have a singular form.

We can use “some” with both countable and uncountable nouns.

Now, watch Ben’s video class with subtitles as many times as you need until you are able to understand it all without the subtitles!

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Unit 4 - articlesWell done! You have learned all about articles, plurals, countable and uncountable nouns.

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A, AN, THE : Articles in English

A, AN, and THE are called articles and they can be very confusing. Learn exactly when and how to use articles in English in this important grammar lesson!

a, an, the

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Publicado en 6th year, A / An / The articles | 3 comentarios

Article practice and Listening

Type a, an or the in the boxes below.

a, an, the

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Using A / AN before a word

Here you have some exercises to practice the use of A/AN before a word.

Remember that if the word starts with a vowel we write AN, and if it starts with a consonant we write A.

Aquí tens uns exercicis per practicar l’ús de A/AN abans d’una paraula. Recorda que si aquesta comença per vocal escrivim “A” i si comença per consonant escrivim “AN”.
 
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